Bela was born out of research, and first developed in the Augmented Instruments Laboratory at Queen Mary University of London. Bela is at the core of lots of research on computers, music and interaction.

These papers are all open access and free to read. If you’d like to cite Bela in a paper of your own, please use one of these sources.

Details on real-time hardware and implementation:

McPherson, Andrew and Zappi, Victor.. An environment for submillisecond-latency audio and sensor processing on BeagleBone Black. Audio Engineering Society, 2015. Read now

Bela and Pure Data:

Moro, Giulio; Bin, S M Astrid; Jack, Robert H; Heinrichs, Christian; McPherson, Andrew P. Making high-performance embedded instruments with Bela and Pure Data. University of Sussex, 2016. Read now

Comparing low-latency capabilities across platforms:

McPherson, Andrew P; Jack, Robert; Moro, Giulio. Action-Sound Latency: Are Our Tools Fast Enough?. New Interfaces for Musical Expression, 2016. Read now

Building the Bela community:

Morreale, Fabio; Moro, Giulio; Chamberlain, Alan; Benford, Steve; McPherson, Andrew P. Building a maker community around an open hardware platform. CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing, 2017. Read now

Bela and gender diversity in music technology:

Stewart, Rebecca; Skach, Sophie; Bin, S M Astrid. Making Grooves with Needles: Using e-Textiles to Encourage Gender Diversity in Embedded Audio Systems Design. Designing Interactive Systems, 2018. Read now