MIDI Part 1
Interfacing with the world of music hardware
This lecture introduces the MIDI protocol for interfacing with other music hardware.
Table of contents
- What you’ll learn in this lecture
- What you’ll make in this lecture
- Code examples
- Recommended parts
- Further reading
Lecture 15: MIDI Part 1
What you’ll learn in this lecture
- Introduction to the MIDI protocol
- Handling Note On and Note Off messages
- Keeping track of multiple notes
What you’ll make in this lecture
- Monophonic MIDI synth with ADSR envelope
midi-sinetone: Simple monophonic MIDI synth generating sine waves.
midi-multinote: Extends the
midi-sinetone project to keep track of multiple keypresses, so that it always plays the most recently pressed key and handles key releases gracefully.
midi-adsr: Project using ADSR envelopes for amplitude and filter cutoff frequency, controlled by MIDI. See Lecture 14 for details on ADSR.
Running the examples in this course assumes that you have a Bela Starter Kit or Bela Mini Starter Kit.
This lecture requires a source of MIDI input, either a keyboard attached to the USB port of Bela or virtual keyboard software which can send MIDI messages to Bela from the host computer. The following software MIDI generators will work:
- Summary of MIDI messages from midi.org
- MIDI controller numbers from midi.org
- General MIDI sound sets (i.e. Program Change message meaning) from midi.org
- MIDI Polyphonic Expression (MPE) specification from midi.org
- Hexadecimal tutorial from SparkFun